PDF | On Jan 1, , Ira Sarma and others published Khushwant Singh's Train to edition of Khushwant Singh's Train to Pakistan to celebrate the 50th an eyewitness to the fall of the British Empire” and “sent Margaret. Alongside celebrations that marked the end of the British Raj, it is estimated that It is in this respect that Train to Pakistan, written by Khushwant Singh and. Train to Pakistan, the first novel on the theme of Partition, is a brilliant and . now dead—Hukum Chand emerges as a catalyst of British power and authority and.
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READ "Train to Pakistan by Khushwant Singh" spanish page format english macbook review acquire site · u/[deleted]. [removed]. Share1 Comment. 0. Best. Get a free copy of each Train to Pakistan, The Company of women, The end of India and many more books that are written by Kushwant Singh on our website. Read this article to know about the summary of the novel Train to Pakistan written by Khushwant Singh, train to Pakistan themes, train to Pakistan ebook.
It is the book, wherein Lenny, a polio stricken Parsee child living in Lahore, narrates the story of the partition conflict. Being a lame receiving private schooling, she was always present at almost all places to witness every incident and to report them to the readers. Through an innocent child narrator and first person narration technique, the writer makes the description more authentic. My wretched truth inflected tongue just in time. The riots and partition destruction started from cities and reached to the small villages gradually.
Both the novelists give the descriptions of pre-partition days of co-existence and harmony in the novels and gradually lead their reader to witness the conflicts and the tragedy that followed.
Initially readers are informed about the conflicts through the conversation of the characters in the novels. So far the descriptions in both the novels become light some times and gloomy some times.
In the same way, Sidhwa makes the narrative quite light and pleasant by allowing Lenny to praise her brother Adi for almost two pages. When the description becomes quite serious in the novel , the author introduces a light event with comic elements and suddenly some event makes the description serious.
Here only the pre-partition descriptions have light tone in both the novels. The instances given above are from the pre-partition description when actual partition has not been shown in the novel. However, both the writers hint at the up coming conflicts of riots and involuntary migrations of masses through the conversation between characters in the novels and then lead readers to witness the menacing and terrifying partition conflicts.
Both the writers show the people belonging to rural areas having no knowledge of either freedom or even partition. They are not interested in the politics of the sub-continent. His horror could not be mitigated even by the arrival of his sweet heart Haseena. This spectacle of violence sent shock waves throughout Mano Majra. He realized that retaliation must follow. Hence he became concerned with the safe evacuation of the Muslims of the Writers Editors Critics, Vo. There is no peace anywhere.
One trouble after another. The tragic mood of the villagers was reflected through the vagaries of the monsoon, the late arrival of which left them high and dry since it did not bring relief but more disaster.
The train carrying the corpses of Hindus and Sikhs eventually disturbed the tranquillity of the village. People barricaded their doors and many stayed up all the night talking in whispers When they woke up in the morning and saw it was raining, their first thoughts were about the train and burning corpses Singh Meanwhile the mental condition of the Muslims of the village was also precarious.
The Muslims became all the more fearful as they heard exaggerated accounts of violence against their community. Rumours of atrocities committed by Sikh on Muslims in Patiala, Ambala and Kapurthala, which they had heard and dismissed, came back to their minds.
They had heard of gentlewomen having their veils taken off, being stripped and marched down crowded streets to be raped in the marketplace.
Many had eluded there would be ravishers by killing themselves. They had heard of mosques being desecrated by the slaughter of pigs on the premises, and of copies of the holy Koran being torn up by the infidels.
Singh With the rumours, the attitude of both the communities suffered a radical change. Muslims grew suspicious of their neighbours. The Sikhs also became sullen and angry. Suddenly their conscience began to feel the weight of history, remembering the atrocities committed by the Muslim rulers on their Gurus and their family and followers.
The memories of the past and the present experience conspired to turn them against their Muslim brothers. The division between the two communities became so complete that the emotional appeal of Imam Baksh, the Muslim priest could not bridge it. A lot of arguments followed but Imam Baksh returned empty handed. The Muslims had to leave. Even though the Sikhs felt helpless, on the eve of the departure of their Muslim friends, they were overwhelmed with emotion.
But emotions like sympathy and fellow feeling are too weak to stand as bulwark against the onslaught of communal fury. They do not make a lasting impression. No wonder by evening the people of Mano Majra forgot about the Muslims. However, he seems inclined to think that in many cases man does not suffer his own misdeeds but for the misdeeds of others. For instance, Partition was the handiwork of a few politicians and the people who suffered had nothing to do with it.
In order to build up his argument, Mr. Singh goes on to show how the situation further worsened with the arrival of the ghost trains. Such a tense situation which prevailed in Mano Majra was an ideal situation for the communal elements to operate. They exploited it to their fullest advantage, as they succeeded in inciting communal passions.
Some strangers came to the Gurudwara on jeep and began to mobilize the Sikhs of the village. In the process of his arguments their leaders mentioned the massacres at Rawalpindi, Multan,Gujrawala and Sekhpura.
For each home they loot, loot two. For each trainload of dead they send over, send two across. For each road convoy that is attacked, attack two. That will stop the killing on the other side. The communal situation became so tense and complicated that the well-meaning men like Meet Singh, Lambardar and the police official Hukum Chand found themselves helpless to stem the tide of violence. Singh while blaming the Sikhs and Muslims and the government officials for the communal frenzy, was ruthless severe on the politicians especially Nehru.
He attacked them through his mouth-piece Hukum Chand. I do think he is the greatest man in the world today. And how handsome! Prime Minister, you made your tryst.
So did many others on the 15th August, Independence Day. There was Sundari, the daughter of his orderly who also made tryst with destiny on the road to Gujranwala.
She had been married only four days ago and had hardly seen even the face of her husband. As she was travelling with her husband she was pulled from the bus along with her husband and raped and killed. In his own case, Hukum Chand had to endure the ghostly sights of train-loads of massacred people and the corpse of butchered men, women, and children.
He could not provide shelter even to his sweet heart Haseena. Hukum Chand was reduced from the powerful magistrate to a pathetic figure.
However Khuswant Singh ends his naturalistic novel with the heroic note of a romantic sacrifice. The communal situation demanded courage and the spirit of self-sacrifice of the highest order. While the so-called adherents of human values, Meet Singh, Lambardar, Iqbal and Hukum Chand, could not muster enough courage to set their massive weight to confront communalism, Juggat Singh, a hardened criminal did it in his own way.
The Sikh sacrificed his life for the safety of his Muslim beloved Nooran. He slashed the rope which was tied to stop the train which was carrying her to Pakistan. Ostensibly through Train to Pakistan, Khuswant Singh expressed his anger, disenchantment and disillusionment with the prevalent social, religious and political values during the Partition days.
He was so upset by the harrowing events of that he lost faith in the values of peace and non- violence. Indian Writing in English. Bombay: Asia Publications, Raizada, Harish. New Delhi: Prestige Books, Sahane, V.
An Artist in Realism. Naik et al. Madras: Macmillan, Singh Khuswant. Train to Pakistan. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt. Swain, S.
Dominic, English poet, critic, short story writer, editor. Sharma, Reputed English poet, short story writer, critic, translator, editor, reviewer from Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Aju Mukhopadhyay, Reputed Bilingual poet, short story writer, novelist, critic, essayist from Pondicherry, India. Ghanshyam, Critic, Professor of English, Govt.
Jayanti M. Writers Editors Critics, Vo. Jaydeep Sarangi, Reputed Bilingual poet, critic, short story writer, interviewer. Madhur Kumar, Asstt. Saikat Banerjee, M.